Monday, June 15, 2020 - 09:28

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The medical team of doctors at GlobeMed, the leading healthcare benefits management company in the Middle East, has conducted a literature review on the effects of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals (EDC) and their interference with the body hormones. The review was supervised by Dr. Elia Abdul Massih, Goodcare Clinics Director, and prepared by Dr. Karen Abou Jaoude, Population Health Specialist. It demonstrated that even at low levels of exposure, EDCs can induce adverse health effects, contributing significantly to the development of diseases such as cancers, asthma, diabetes, genital defects and obesity. Furthermore, the review established six easy ways to decrease exposure to these harmful chemicals.   

EDCs are exogenous chemicals or mixtures that can interfere with hormone actions in our bodies in a negative way. Hormones are messengers released from endocrine glands in the body necessary for our healthy survival. EDCs can be found in many everyday products, including some plastic bottles and containers, liners of metal food cans, detergents, flame retardants, food, toys, cosmetics, pesticides, natural estrogen and progesterone, plastic, hormonally active drugs and synthetic hormones. This array of products confirms that we are exposed daily to low doses of EDCs without even suspecting or realizing it. Some of these chemicals include but are not limited to:

  • Bisphenol A (BPA): used to make plastic products including food storage containers
  • Perchlorate: a by-product found in drinking water and fireworks
  • Perfluoroalkyl and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS): used widely in industrial applications, such as firefighting foams and non-stick pan, paper, and textile coatings

EDCs can induce harmful effects by either changing the amount of hormones available or interfering with their corresponding receptors. This has resulted in the increasing prevalence of many endocrine diseases such as diabetes and obesity. For diseases to occur, there is always an interplay of genetic and environmental factors. Therefore, it is essential to try and control our environment by limiting exposure to such chemicals as much as possible.  In this vein, it is recommended to follow six simple steps to reduce contact with EDCs and diminish their harmful effects:

  1. Eat organic foods to avoid pesticides. Choose organically grown fruits and vegetables to limit pesticide exposure. Start with the “dirty dozen” which, if grown conventionally, harbor the most pesticides as they are sprayed directly. These include bell peppers, spinach, nectarines, grapes, peach, pear, celery, lettuce, potatoes, cherries, strawberries and apples.
  2. Avoid canned and processed food. Cans contain an array of bisphenols that act similarly to estrogen and oppose the hormone adiponectin, thus increasing the size of fat cells and contributing to doubling the risk of diabetes. Cans containing “BPA-free” labels are not safe either as they still contain a large number of bisphenols.  
  3. Avoid thermal paper receipts. Thesehave been linked to an increase in breast and prostate cancers, cardiovascular disease, and reproductive and brain development abnormalities. It is recommended not to accept receipts and go paperless instead, but if you must handle them, hold it from the non-glossy backside. After handling the receipt, wash your hands with soap and water within 4 minutes. If your job requires your ongoing handling of receipts, wear latex gloves. Lastly, do not use a hand sanitizer after touching a possible thermal receipt. Research has shown the BPA level went up by185% after using skin products such as sunscreens, moisturizer and sanitizers.
  4. Beware of plastics that contain phthalates and parabens, which have various effects. Be vigilant of the following labels:  


Releases EDCs over time.

Never testedfor safety.

Most toxic.

Linked to reproductive problems, diabetes, and cancers.

Degrade slowly, chemically non-reactive. Mostly a burden to the environment.

Never testedfor safety.

Release extremely toxic flame retardants over time

BPA mimics estrogen. Infertility and developmental damage.

Water or soda bottles, polyester fibers

Milk and detergent bottles and caps, food storage containers

Water pipes, insulation, clothing, toys, furniture, shower curtains

Snap on lids, disc drives, plastic wraps, laminates

Textiles, packaging, carpets,  lab and medical equipment, diapers

Packaging, foam, drink cups, DVD cases.

All the rest of plastics not included in the previous categories.


Do not microwave plastics even if they are labelled as microwave safe. Throw away scratched plastics as their protective layer would be lost. 

  1. Create a healthy home as flame-retardants and other organic pollutants found in electronic devices and furniture accumulate in your household as dust can interfere with the normal functioning of the thyroid gland. Therefore, it is advised to open the windows regularly to filter the air in the house, vacuuming at least once per week and mopping the house with a wet mop.
  2. Avoid non-sticking cooking pansas they contain PFAS. These interfere with metabolism and have shown to induce rebound weight gain after a successful diet. An alternative would be to use cast iron or stainless steel cookware.

Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals are all around us, having drastic effects on our health and contributing significantly to the development of several non-communicable diseases. These six simple steps make it easier to take control of our health and limit our everyday exposure to such chemicals.

This study was prepared based on the following References:

Lee, Duk-Hee. "Evidence of the possible harm of endocrine-disrupting chemicals in humans: ongoing debates and key issues." Endocrinology and Metabolism 33.1 (2018): 44-52.

- Lee, Duk-Hee, et al. "Chlorinated persistent organic pollutants, obesity, and type 2 diabetes." Endocrine reviews 35.4 (2014): 557-601.

- Taylor, Kyla W., et al. "Evaluation of the association between persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and diabetes in epidemiological studies: a national toxicology program workshop review." Environmental health perspectives 121.7 (2013): 774-783.

-  Kusminski, Christine M., et al. "MitoNEET-driven alterations in adipocyte mitochondrial activity reveal a crucial adaptive process that preserves insulin sensitivity in obesity." Nature medicine 18.10 (2012): 1539.

- Curtis, Sandra. “Is BPA on Thermal Paper A Health Risk?” Plastic Pollution Coalition, Plastic Pollution Coalition, 23 Dec. 2016,

- Vandenberg, Laura, et al. “Let's Talk EDCs.” Endocrine Society, Endocrine Society, 2019,

- Trasande, Leonardo. “Avoiding Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals: 5 Tips.” Medscape, Medscape, 7 Feb. 2020,

This study is a general guideline intended for informational purposes only and does not provide medical advice. It is prepared based on information and data available in the references above. GlobeMed neither undertakes nor guarantees that such information is complete and error-free. GlobeMed will not be liable for any direct, indirect, consequential, special, exemplary, or other damages arising therefrom.





Monday, March 10, 2014 - 10:58

The Association of General and Private Medical Practitioner of Nigeria, AGPMPN, Lagos State chapter held its General Meeting/CPD on the 16th of February, 2014 at the Malaria Research Centre, Lagos State Teaching Hospital,


Dr. J.A. Arigbabuwo, Chairman of the AGPMPN, Lagos State Branch, urged the healthcare practitioners to focus on building systems and not just people. He also emphasized on the need for healthcare providers to build up their capacity to efficiently handle the current insured members under the National Health Insurance Scheme, in addition to the expected entrants.


Based on the mandate given to Dr. Olufemi Thomas, the newly appointed Executive Secretary of the NHIS, the Scheme coverage is expected to increase to 30% of the population.


Mr. Oussama Darian, General Manager of GlobeMed Nigeria Healthcare Solutions, highlighted the need for efficient utilization management, utilization review and collation of appropriate statistics and reports to make informed decisions concerning patients’ healthcare benefits administration.


Other attendees at the forum were the National Chairman of AGPMPN, Dr. Anthony Omolola; the National Patron of AGPMPN, Dr. Ore Falomo and the provost of the Lagos State University College of Medicine, LASUCOM, Prof. Olumuyiwa Odusanya. The GlobeMed Nigeria team also included the Clients Relations Manager, Mr. Ime Inyang; the Claims Manager, Khaled Abou Mansour and the Medical Director, Dr. Tinu Akinbolagbe.

Monday, February 10, 2014 - 11:40

GlobeMed has recently made a positive change in the leadership team, as Oussama Darian joins as the newly appointed General Manager of GlobeMed Healthcare Solutions Nigeria Ltd.


In his new role, Oussama will be responsible for driving our operation in Lagos to the next level, building on the solid foundation and momentum achieved by the GlobeMed Healthcare Solutions Nigeria Ltd. team to date.


Oussama is an accomplished leader with a track record in the insurance industry, with over 20 years of regional professional experience, starting from sales and marketing intermediary roles all the way up to his last post of General Manager at Muscat Life Insurance Company in the Sultanate of Oman.


Backed by both an MBA and a Management Diploma in Insurance, he brings to GlobeMed Nigeria a great mix of leadership, inspiration, operational and sales experience, technical breadth and passion for customer care.


As we thank you for your continued support, please join us in welcoming Oussama as he takes the helm of GlobeMed Healthcare Solutions Nigeria Ltd.

All 14 pharmacies in the chain enlisted

Wednesday, June 12, 2013 - 14:08

The significance of the HealthPlus chain to GlobeMed Nigeria is in the convenience this brings to the consumer. For the first time in Nigeria, a patient can get a prescription filled at a non-hospital pharmacy without having to pay cash and get reimbursed. By connecting the chain to our system, the same as a hospital would, the pharmacy can verify eligibility, confirm benefit, check for any conflict with other medications currently being taken by the patient and process the claim online. Payment would be made directly to the pharmacy by GlobeMed. Pictures show Mrs Bukky George, the CEO of HealthPlus with Mr Ziad Shuman, GM of GlobeMed Nigeria as well as Dr Tinu Akinbolagbe & Dr Dennis Ugenyi, GlobeMed Nigeria Managers.



Launching of VALUPLUS Travel Policy

Monday, December 24, 2012 - 09:22

A Service contract was signed with the Standard Alliance Life Assurance Ltd for the administration of the international travel product on Friday 7th June making it the first signed contract and GlobeMed-Nigeria’s first client. The company formally launched the travel product on August 1st to the Nigerian travelling public under the brand name VALUPLUS TRAVEL POLICY. A media publication of the event featured GlobeMed-Nigeria as the Technical partner locally and was widely circulated in most prominent dailies the following week.


Click on the links below for more details: